4.   FORCE LEVELS

4.1     OVERVIEW

4.2     ACTIVE AND RESERVE UNITS

4.3     GERMANY

4.4     ITALY

4.5     BRITAIN

4.6     FRANCE

4.7     RUSSIA

4.8     SHIPS

4.9     SW UNITS

4.1  OVERVIEW:

4.11 Each Gathering Storm armor, infantry or air unit is converted to one or more A World at War units, as set out below.

4.12  A WORLD AT WAR REFERENCES: All references to units with combat and movement factors (“3-6 armor unit”), AAF and air squadrons refer to A World at War units.

4.13  MOBILIZATION DELAYS:  Mobilized units enter their force pools after the standard mobilization delays:

A. SHIPBUILDING: None.

B. INFANTRY: Two turns.

C. MECHANIZED INFANTRY: Four turns.

D. AIR: Four turns.

E. ARMOR: Six turns.

4.14  DEFERRING AIR SQUADRONS:  A major power may defer the addition of one or two air squadrons to its force pool in order to generate AAF rather than NAS.

EXAMPLE: Italy mobilizes Gathering Storm air units in Winter 1938, Spring 1939 and Summer 1939, at which time war breaks out.

Italy adds four air squadrons to its force pool in Winter 1939. It adds one AAF, and uses the remaining air squadron to add one NAS or defer it for a turn. In Spring 1939, Italy adds another AAF and could defer a second air squadron, so that in Summer 1939 it adds two AAF to its force pool (four air squadrons from the Summer 1939 mobilization, plus the two deferred air squadrons = six air squadrons = two AAF).

4.15  INFANTRY AND AIR ADJUSTMENTS:  Some German armor units and shipbuilding increases for Germany, Italy and Britain increase or decrease their major power’s infantry and air force pools. When this occurs:

A. ADDITIONAL UNITS: Any additional units enter their major power’s force pool after the normal mobilization delay for that type of unit after the mobilization in question.

B. REMOVED UNITS: Units removed from their major power’s force pool are taken, in the following order, from forces of the same type that:

4.2  ACTIVE AND RESERVE UNITS:

4.21  Gathering Storm units which were active begin A World at War as “at start” forces and may be used immediately, without being constructed.

4.22  Gathering Storm units which were in reserve begin A World at War as “allowable builds” and must be constructed before being used.

4.3  GERMANY:

4.31  German Gathering Storm units are converted to A World at War units as follows:

4.32  ARMOR:

A. FIRST TWO GERMAN RESERVE ARMOR UNITS: Regardless of the level of German Gathering Storm armor research, each of the first two German Gathering Storm reserve armor units is converted to:

If Germany has less than two armor units in reserve, the first German armor units to enter the German reserve are converted to 2-6 armor units and their associated infantry and air units.

B. REMAINING GERMAN ARMOR UNITS: Each of the remaining German armor units is converted to either: 

C. EFFECT OF GERMAN ARMOR RESEARCH:

D. 4-6 ARMOR UNITS OPTIONAL: Subject to the above limits, the German player has the option of converting Gathering Storm armor units to 3-6, rather than 4-6, armor units. This same flexibility extends to armor units mobilized after the outbreak of war, although 3-6 armor units may not be produced in A World at War.

E.TIMING: If Germany has both 3-6 and 4-6 armor units, the 3-6 armor units come into play first:

F. ASSOCIATED AIR AND INFANTRY UNITS: For each 3-6 armor unit, Germany adds one air squadron and one infantry factor to its A World at War force pool. Subject to the requirement that its air and infantry force pools increase equally, the German player is free to add army air factors, naval air squadrons, one-factor and three-factor infantry units, in any combination, up to a limit of 24 BRPs of units. When these units enter the German force pool depends on when their associated 3-6 armor units were mobilized.

G. GERMAN ARMOR RESEARCH IN A WORLD AT WAR: If Germany does not achieve two Gathering Storm armor research results, it has the option of continuing armor research into A World at War if it wishes to later produce 5-6 armor units, using one A World at War military RP each year for each missing level or portion thereof of Gathering Storm armor research, until it has made up the deficit. Once Germany has achieved two armor research results (six levels), it may produce 5-6 armor units in the year after it is at war with Russia (4.32C, 6.51B).

In A World at War, the German force pool is limited to two 2-6, 12 4-6 and six 5-6 armor units. Gathering Storm may change this in two ways:

Some of the 4-6 armor units may be 3-6 armor units. If Germany doesn’t have 12 steps of Gathering Storm armor research, this is compulsory; otherwise it is optional – Germany may choose to have some 3­-6 armor units in place of 4-6 armor units.

German Gathering Storm armor research also determines whether and when Germany may produce 5-6 armor units.

Germany may not produce 3-6 armor units in A World at War beyond its 12 3-6/4-6 armor unit force pool. Smaller armor units may not be converted into 5-6 armor units.

In a historical A World at War game, both Germany and Russia are considered to have achieved two Gathering Storm armor research results and Germany is considered to have rejected the option of selecting 3-6 armor units in place of 4-6 armor units.

4.33  INFANTRY:

A. Each German Gathering Storm infantry unit is converted to two 3-3 infantry units.

B. German 1-3 infantry units are generated from 2-6 and 3-6 armor units (4.32A and B).

C. Germany adds one 3-3 infantry unit and one 1-3 infantry unit to its force pool as allowable builds if Danzig and the Corridor were incorporated into Germany peacefully in Gathering Storm.

4.34  AIR:

A. CONVERSION TO AIR SQUADRONS: Each German Gathering Storm air unit is converted to six A World at War air squadrons.

B. ADJUSTMENTS FROM OTHER UNITS: The total number of German air squadrons is increased or decreased as follows.

C. DANZIG AND THE CORRIDOR: Germany adds two AAF to its force pool as allowable builds if Danzig and the Corridor were incorporated into Germany peacefully in Gathering Storm.

D. CONVERSION TO ARMY AND NAVAL AIR UNITS: The remaining German air squadrons are converted to either AAF or NAS, at the German player’s option, subject to the following:

4.35  SHIPBUILDING:

A. A German Gathering Storm shipbuilding increase converts to a German A World at War shipbuilding increase.

B. For each shipyard mobilized by Germany in Gathering Storm, three air squadrons are added to its force pool. One of the two initial German shipyards is considered to have been mobilized.

4.36  GERMAN FORCE POOL:

A. TOTAL BRP VALUE: The total BRP value of Germany’s A World at War force pool must total 20 BRPs of units for each German mobilization (12 plus the factories for the Rhineland, Austria and Czechoslovakia, for a total value of 300 BRPs), plus 10 BRPs of units (two AAF, one 3-3 infantry unit and one 1-3 infantry unit) to its force pool as allowable builds if Danzig and the Corridor were incorporated into Germany peacefully in Gathering Storm.

B. REMNANTS: Any remnant infantry factors in the German A World at War force pool consist of unbuilt 1-3 infantry units.

4.4  ITALY:

4.41  Italian Gathering Storm units are converted to A World at War units as follows:

4.42  ARMOR:

A. NO ITALIAN ARMOR RESEARCH RESULT: If Italy does not achieve a Gathering Storm armor research result, all its armor units are 2-5 armor units, whether mobilized in Gathering Storm or A World at War or produced in A World at War.

B. EFFECT OF ITALIAN ARMOR RESEARCH:

4.43  INFANTRY:

A. Each Italian Gathering Storm infantry unit is converted to four infantry factors, in any combination of one-, two- and three-factor infantry units, up to the limit of the Italian A World at War force pool.

4.44  AIR:

A. CONVERSION TO AIR SQUADRONS: Each Italian Gathering Storm air unit is converted to four A World at War air squadrons.

B. CONVERSION TO ARMY AND NAVAL AIR UNITS: The remaining Italian air squadrons are converted to either AAF or NAS, at the Italian player’s option, subject to the following:

4.45  SHIPBUILDING:

A. An Italian Gathering Storm shipbuilding increase converts to an Italian A World at War shipbuilding increase.

B. If Italy mobilizes a shipyard in Gathering Storm, it removes one infantry factor from its A World at War force pool.

4.46  ITALIAN FORCE POOL:

A. TOTAL BRP VALUE: The total BRP value of Italy’s A World at War force pool must total 8 BRPs of units for each Italian mobilization (six, for a total value of 48 BRPs).

4.5  BRITAIN:

4.51  British Gathering Storm units are converted to A World at War units as follows:

4.52  ARMOR:

A. NO BRITISH ARMOR RESEARCH RESULT: If Britain does not achieve a Gathering Storm armor research result, its first three armor units are 2-5 armor units, whether mobilized in Gathering Storm or A World at War or produced in A World at War, and the Canadian armor unit is a 3-5 armor unit. One additional British armor units may be a 2-5 or a 4-5 armor unit, and the remaining additional British armor units must be 4-5 armor units, regardless of the level of British Gathering Storm armor research.

B. EFFECT OF BRITISH ARMOR RESEARCH: British Gathering Storm armor research allows it to increase British 2-5 armor units to 3-5 armor units and increase the Canadian 3-5 armor unit to a 4-5 armor unit. The number of permitted increases ranges from one to four, depending on the level of British Gathering Storm armor research:

4.53  INFANTRY:

A. The first British Gathering Storm infantry unit, which already exists at the start of Gathering Storm, is converted to two 3-4 infantry units.

B. The second British Gathering Storm infantry unit, which may only be mobilized as part of Britain’s eighth and final mobilization, is converted to a 3-4 infantry unit and three air squadrons.

C. Britain adds one 1-3 infantry unit to its A World at War force pool with each of its first three armor units.

4.54  AIR:

A. CONVERSION TO AIR SQUADRONS: Each British Gathering Storm air unit is converted to either five or six A World at War air squadrons, alternating in value as follows:

B. ADJUSTMENTS FROM OTHER UNITS: The total number of British air squadrons is increased or decreased as follows.

C. CONVERSION TO ARMY AND NAVAL AIR UNITS: The remaining British air squadrons are converted to either AAF or NAS, at the British player’s option, subject to the following:

4.55  SHIPBUILDING:

A. A British Gathering Storm shipbuilding increase converts to a British A World at War shipbuilding increase. British shipyards do not trigger any adjustments to the British force pool. Two of the three initial British shipyards are considered to have been mobilized.

4.56  BRITISH FORCE POOL:

A. TOTAL BRP VALUE: The total BRP value of Britain’s A World at War force pool must total 16 BRPs of units for each British mobilization (eight, for a total value of 128 BRPs).

4.57  PACIFIC COMMITMENTS: Regardless of when war breaks out, Britain begins the game with one 2-3 armor unit (or a 3-3 armor unit, if Britain has 12 steps of armor research), three 1-2 infantry units, two replacements, two AAF, a CA2 and a DD1 in the Pacific theater. Armor and infantry units that are not yet in the British force pool when war breaks out must be built and sent to the Pacific theatre as soon as possible and may not be used in Europe. These forces must remain in the Pacific theater until the outbreak of war between Britain and Japan. These units may not be voluntarily eliminated and, if lost in combat with Indian partisans, must be rebuilt and sent back to Asia, at no USAT cost.

4.58  COMMONWEALTH FORCES:  The Commonwealth forces start in play or are added to the British force pool as set out in the revisions to A World at War rules 70-72, below, and on the British scenario card.

4.6  FRANCE:

4.61  French Gathering Storm units are converted to A World at War units as follows:

4.62  ARMOR:

A. NO FRENCH ARMOR RESEARCH RESULT: If France does not achieve a Gathering Storm armor research result, its armor units are 3-5 armor units, whether mobilized in Gathering Storm or A World at War.

B. EFFECT OF FRENCH ARMOR RESEARCH:

4.63  INFANTRY:

A. Each French Gathering Storm infantry unit is converted to three 2-3 infantry units.

B. 1-3 French infantry units are associated with the first French Gathering Storm air unit.

4.64  AIR:

A. The first French Gathering Storm air unit is converted to:

B. All other Gathering Storm French air units are converted to two AAF.

4.65 MAGINOT LINE: For each Maginot Line step past the first 6-step research result, one French infantry factor is removed from the French force pool. 2-3 infantry units are removed if possible, with a replacement being removed if there an odd numbers of Maginot Line research steps.

4.66  FRENCH FORCE POOL:

A. TOTAL BRP VALUE: The total BRP value of France’s A World at War force pool must total 12 BRPs of units for each French mobilization (six, for a total value of 72 BRPs).

4.7  RUSSIA:

4.71  Russian Gathering Storm units are converted to A World at War units as follows:

4.72  ARMOR:

A. FIRST EIGHT RUSSIAN ARMOR UNITS: The first eight Russian Gathering Storm armor units are converted to 3‑5 armor units.

B. ADDITIONAL RUSSIAN ARMOR UNITS: Additional Russian armor units, which can only be mobilized in Gathering Storm if Russia is able to mobilize civilian factories, are converted to 4-5 armor units unless Russia has achieved two armor research results.

C. EFFECT OF RUSSIAN ARMOR RESEARCH: Once Russia achieves two Gathering Storm armor research results, Russia may mobilize or produce 5-6 armor units in Gathering Storm and A World at War (6.51B). Until then, all additional Russian armor units, apart from its initial eight 3-5 armor units, are 4-5 armor units.

D. RUSSIAN ARMOR RESEARCH IN A WORLD AT WAR: If Russia does not achieve two Gathering Storm armor research results, Russia is deemed to continue armor research into A World at War, using one A World at War military RP each year for each missing level or portion thereof of Gathering Storm armor research, until it has made up the deficit.

EXAMPLE: War breaks out in Summer 1938, with Russia having nine steps of Gathering Storm armor research, two levels short of the 12 steps required for two armor research results.

Russia receives one less A World at War RP in 1938 and in the 1939 YSS, and is considered to achieve its second armor research result in Spring 1939.

E. ASSOCIATED INFANTRY UNITS:

4.73  INFANTRY:

A. Russia starts Gathering Storm with five completed mobilizations, which are considered to have generated the following A World at War infantry units:

B. The Gathering Storm infantry units from Russia’s next four mobilizations (its idle factories) each generate one 3-3, two 2-3 and one 1-3 infantry units.

C. Ultimately Russia’s eight Gathering Storm infantry units generate six 3-3, 14 2-3 and 20 1-3 infantry units.

D.  The Gathering Storm infantry units from Russia’s mobilization of its five civilian factories each generate two 3-3 infantry units, because Russia must also mobilize a 4-5 armor unit (4.72E). If Russia mobilizes 5-6, rather than 4-5, armor units, Russia must defer some of these 3-3 infantry units.

4.74  AIR:

A.  Except as set out below, each Russian Gathering Storm air unit is converted to two AAF.

B. AIR TRANSPORT: If Russia achieved a Gathering Storm air transport research result, one of its AAF allowable builds is replaced by an unbuilt air transport unit.

C. SPECIALIZED UNITS: One of Russia’s AAF allowable builds is replaced by an unbuilt airborne unit for Russia’s initial airborne unit and for its first specialized unit research result. Additional Russian specialized unit research results do not affect the Russian force pool.

4.75  RUSSIAN FORCE POOL:

A. TOTAL BRP VALUE: The total BRP value of Russia’s A World at War force pool must total 20 BRPs of units for each Russian mobilization (usually nine, unless Russia is permitted to mobilize civilian factories, for a total value of 180 BRPs).

 

4.8  SHIPS:

4.81 After Gathering Storm has ended, each major power determines its starting naval force levels for A World at War based on the location (row and column) of named ships in its shipyard) and the year that war breaks out (cruisers and destroyers). The number of other naval units is fixed, but may be increased by research.

4.82  NAMED SHIPS: Major powers begin A World at War with a set number of named ships and any ships which have launched during Gathering Storm. Ships under construction on the Gathering Storm turn track are transferred to the major power's Naval Construction Chart as indicated below.

4.821  FIXED NAMED SHIP LEVELS: Each major power's fixed named ship levels are as follows:

A. GERMANY:

B. ITALY:

C. BRITAIN:

D. FRANCE:

E. RUSSIA:

4.822 SHIPS UNDER CONSTRUCTION: Ships under construction in a major power’s shipyard are transferred to the major power's A World at War Naval Construction Chart.

4.823  BALANCING TWO SHIPYARDS: France and Italy transfer one of each type of named ship to each of their two shipyards so that the number and type of named ships are balanced between each of their two shipyards.

EXAMPLE: A game of Gathering Storm ends in Winter 1938; the first turn of the ensuing game of A World at War will be Spring 1939. Italy has two 4-factor battleships in the spring column and on the “3” row of its shipyard. The Italian player selects two BB4 counters (Littorio and Vittorio Veneto) and places one in the Genoa shipyard and the other in the Trieste shipyard. Each BB4 counter is placed in the spring column and in the "3" row of the Naval Construction Chart.

4.83  LIGHT SHIPS: Regardless of when war breaks out, each major power begins A World at War with the following levels of light ships, possibly augmented by additional cruisers (4.831) and light ship research (6.47).

A. GERMANY: CA4, DD6.

B. ITALY: CA12, DD9.

C. BRITAIN: CA34, DD14.

D. FRANCE: CA10, DD9.

E. RUSSIA: CA12, DD9.

4.831  CRUISER CONSTRUCTION: A major power may, at its option, use some or all of any surplus shipyard capacity by constructing additional cruisers, at the rate of one per turn. One CA2 may be placed on the “2” row of the first season of A World at War, another CA2 may be placed on the “2” row of the next season, and so on.

4.832  ADDITIONAL LIGHT SHIPS:  For each Gathering Storm light ship research result, Germany or Italy (Axis light ship research result) or Britain or France (Allied light ship research result) adds a cruiser (CA2) and two destroyers (DD2) to its A World at War starting forces. These additional light ships begin built at the start of A World at War.

4.9  SW UNITS

4.91 SW UNITS: Germany, Italy and Britain begin every game of A World at War with the following SW units. An 18-step strategic bomber research result for Germany, Britain and Russia adds a strategic bomber to that major power’s starting forces.

A. GERMANY:

B. ITALY:

C. BRITAIN:

4.92 BATTLE OF THE ATLANTIC: For the number of German submarines that may be used to conduct SW in the Atlantic, see transition rule 12.2 (revised A World at War rule 25.13).