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16. RESEARCH EFFECTS

16.1 GATHERING STORM RESEARCH EFFECTS

16.2 A WORLD AT WAR RESEARCH EFFECTS

16.1 GATHERING STORM RESEARCH EFFECTS:

16.11 EFFECTS: Research results affect play in Gathering Storm as set out below. On the research record chart:

A. Results that generate one Axis or Allied counter for the Balance of Power Chart or one Russian counter for the Russian garrison are in green.

B. Results that generate two Axis or Allied counters for the Balance of Power Chart or two Russian counters for the Russian garrison in the same category are in red.

C. Results that generate two counters for the Balance of Power Chart in different categories are in blue.

D. Economic preparation results that generate activity counters are in black.

E. Other results are outlined in grey.

F. Results that generate a +1 support modifier are indicated by a support counter.

16.12 AIR RESEARCH:

A. The following research results require six steps (three levels) for the first result, which generates one counter which is placed on the air portion of the Balance of Power Chart; and another six steps (three levels) for the second result, which generates two additional counters which are placed on the air portion of the Balance of Power Chart.

B. The following research results require ten steps (five levels) and generate two counters; one is placed on the air portion of the Balance of Power Chart, and the other is placed on the naval portion of the Balance of Power Chart.

C. The following research result requires ten steps (five levels) and generates two counters; one is placed on the air portion of the Balance of Power Chart, and the other is placed on the infantry portion of the Balance of Power Chart.

16.13 NAVAL RESEARCH:

A. The following research results require six steps (three levels) and generate a counter which is placed on the naval portion of the Balance of Power Chart.

B. The following research results require six steps (three levels) for the first result, which generates one counter which is placed on the naval portion of the Balance of Power Chart; and another six steps (three levels) for the second result, which generates two additional counters which are placed on the naval portion of the Balance of Power Chart.

16.14 MILITARY RESEARCH:

A. The following research results require six steps (three levels) for the first result, which generates one counter which is placed on the armor portion of the Balance of Power Chart; and another six steps (three levels) for the second result, which generates two additional counters which are placed on the armor portion of the Balance of Power Chart.

B. The following research results require six steps (three levels) for the first result, which increases the German (West Wall) or French (Maginot Line) support level by +1; and another six steps (six levels) for the second result, which increases the German (West Wall) or French (Maginot Line) support level by another +1.

C. ECONOMIC PREPARATION: For Germany, Britain or Russia:

Ernest Lawrence, Arthur Compton, Vannevar Bush, and James Conant discuss uranium research, Berkeley, March 29, 1940.

16.15 ATOMIC RESEARCH:

A. ATOMIC GENERAL RESEARCH:

B. RADAR: A radar research result requires ten steps (five levels) and generate two counters; one is placed on the air portion of the Balance of Power Chart, and the other is placed on the naval portion of the Balance of Power Chart.

16.16 INTELLIGENCE RESEARCH:

A. COVERT OPERATIONS:

B. ESPIONAGE: An espionage result compels a major power to immediately place a spy ring in either a diplomatic target or in an opposing alliance research category. Spy rings are placed at the end of the economic phase, prior to diplomacy, and may not be held for placement in a later turn. A spy ring is considered to be activated for one turn when it is first placed, and may be reactivated for one turn each year thereafter if not eliminated.

Diplomatic spy rings:

Research spy rings:

Eliminating spy rings:

C. COUNTER-INTELLIGENCE: A counter-intelligence result may be used to eliminate a covert operation or a spy ring.

D. CODEBREAKING: Each codebreaking result generates a counter which is placed on the naval portion of the Balance of Power Chart. A maximum of two codebreaking results may be achieved by each major power.

E. OCCUPATION POLICIES: The first occupation policies result requires six steps (three levels) and increases the Russian garrison requirement by one unit; the second occupation polices result requires another six steps (six levels) and increases the Russian garrison requirement by two additional units.

F. MOSLEM UNREST: The first Moslem unrest result requires six steps (three levels) and generates one counter which is placed on the infantry portion of the Balance of Power Chart; a second Moslem unrest result requires another six steps (six levels) and generates two additional counters which are placed on the infantry portion of the Balance of Power Chart.

G. ANGLO-FRENCH COOPERATION:

H. SUBVERSION: Each level of Russian subversion gives Russia a +1 diplomatic modifier in a minor country. This effect is announced after all diplomatic counters are placed, all diplomatic random events and counters have been revealed, and any covert operations have been played. Russian subversion may be used in any minor country. Each level of Russian subversion may be used only once.

16.17 RUSSIAN RESEARCH: If Russia obtains a ten step (five level) research result for air range, air defense, air transports or radar, it places two counters on the Russian garrison track.

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16.18 ADVANCED RESEARCH:

A. Advanced research may be conducted in the following three projects:

B. JETS: Jet research results generate counters that are placed on the air portion of the Balance of Power Chart:

C. ADVANCED SUBMARINES: Advanced submarine research results generate counters that are placed on the naval portion of the Balance of Power Chart:

D. ROCKETS: Rocket research results generate counters that are placed on the armor portion of the Balance of Power Chart:

E. RUSSIAN ADVANCED RESEARCH RESULTS: Russian jet and rocket research results generate counters that are placed on the Russian garrison track. For each project:

16.2 A WORLD AT WAR RESEARCH EFFECTS:

16.21 Details of how Gathering Storm research results affect A World at War are set out in the Gathering Storm transition rules. There are four basic types of research results:

A. RESEARCH PROJECTS: Every two points in a research project advance the project by one level. In A World at War terms, each level is equivalent to a [+] research die roll modifier or an actual result.

B. PRODUCTION PROJECTS: The indicated number of steps on the Research Record Sheets triggers one production result. This adds one unit to the major powers A World at War forces.

C. ADVANCED RESEARCH PROJECTS: Advanced research project results determine the year in which research in that project may begin in A World at War:

D. ECONOMIC PREPARATION: Germany, Britain and Russia are expected to achieve one economic preparation research result in Gathering Storm: